Health Testing


Why do standard poodles need health testing?

 

Testing the parents  prior to breeding them can help to eliminate certain diseases. Test can be broken into two categories, genetic test that will definitively predict if a puppy will have a disease and, those that are a health screenings. Health screenings are a snapshot in time, they only tells us if the parent has symptoms of a disease at that time.  These results may change over time, a dog may never develop a health issue, or it may develop it next week or 5 years from now. A true genetic test can help a breeder eliminate a disease so that a puppy will never develop it.

 

All of our Poodle parents are tested for Genetic Diseases, to ensure our puppies will never have one of these diseases. VWd, DM, NEWS, and PRA-PRCD.


Genetic Tests that can eliminate the chance of your puppy developing a disease:

 

These disease are recessive,  which means that each parent would have to pass a copy of the gene to a puppy. If a puppy does not receive two copies of it they will never develop the disease. A dog with only one copy (carrier) will never develop the disease. It is important to test the parents to determine if they are carriers prior to breeding them. Breeders can easily prevent the disease by never breeding a carrier to a carrier.

  • Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)  – An inherited neurologic disorder with an average onset of 9 years.
  • Neonatal Encephalopathy with Seizures (NEWS) is a neurologic disease that usually results in the death of a puppy by the time they are seven weeks old.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy, Progressive Rod-Cone Degeneration (PRA-PRCD, PRCD) – Late onset eye disease, it affects vision in both dim and bright lights.

 

Poodles should be tested for Von Willebrand Disease (vWD) Type 1.  vWD requires only one gene to be affected. This disorder is inherited as a dominant trait with incomplete penetrance, which means that not all dogs that have the vWD mutation will present signs of the disease. Dogs with 1 or 2 copies of this mutation may be affected and may develop  vWD. Since we can’t predict which dogs will be affected all of our Moms and Dads will be clear and non carriers of vWD.

  • Von Willebrand Disease (vWD) – Relatively uncommon in standard poodles but can be life threatening. vWD is a bleeding disorder that may not be discovered until a dog has an injury or a surgery and may occur later in life. Dogs are affected to different degrees which can’t be predicted. Thankfully if you do have a dog that is affected,  Type 1 is the easiest to treat.

 

At this time there are no other true genetic health test for standard poodles.


Health screenings are a snap shot in time, these results may change.

 

Health screenings evaluate a dog at the time of testing to see if they have a health issue. Until there are definitive test, no breeder can guarantee a puppy will not develop a health issue.  Breeders don’t have crystal balls, some diseases are genetic, others are environmental and many are multifaceted. Research is ongoing, we will test for genetic diseases as more test become available.

Just like in human beings the body is constantly changing, responding to the environment. A dog that has OFA or PennHip healthy hips at 2 years of age, may develop hip dysplasia later in life.We find that health screenings may be misleading to poodle parents.  What you need to know is that these screenings can not predict if a puppy will develop one of these issues. Two dogs with OFA excellent hip scores can still produce a puppy with hip dysplasia. Many of these issues develop later in life, well beyond the age a dog has produced puppies.  Hip dysplasia is a multifaceted health issue that breeders do not yet know how to eliminate. Responsible breeders check their mothers and fathers to select the healthiest parents possible.  Read more on Hip Dysplasia

  • OFA Hips – This is an x-ray of the hip to visually check for hip dysplasia. May be preliminary checked as young as 4 months of age.
  • PennHip – Another way to look at hip heath, it measures hip laxity for hip dysplasia screenings.
  • Bloodwork to screen for Addison’s Disease or Thyroid Disease.
  • Eye CERF – This exam is performed by a board-certified veterinary ophthalmologist.
  • OFA Heart exams – an exam by a veterinarian.

 

 

 

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